Zamioculcas Zamiifolia: Step by Step Guide to Propagate ZZ Plant in Water

If you are looking for easy to follow instructions on how to propagate Zamioculcas Zamiifolia (ZZ Plant) in water, then you have come to the right place. In this guide, we will provide a step-by-step tutorial on propagating your favorite houseplant. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced gardener, this guide will be useful as it covers everything from gathering the necessary materials to when to transplant the baby plants into soil.

A ZZ plant is a popular houseplant that is known for its ability to thrive in low-light conditions and its resilience against drought. Cutting off the stem of a ZZ plant may seem like an intimidating task but can be done successfully with caution.

What are Zamioculcas Zamiifolia (ZZ) Plant?

Wild Zamioculcas zamiifolia is a small, creeping, annual herb that grows up to 12 inches tall. The leaves are lance-shaped and have a serrated margin. The flowers are small, white, and borne in terminal clusters. ZZ Plant is native to the eastern United States, where it is found in moist woodlands and along streams. The plant is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species

What are Zamioculcas Zamiifolia (ZZ) Plant

Common Name and Traits of Zamioculcas Zamiifolia?

Zamioculcas Zamiifolia is commonly known as the Mexican Fan Palm and Zanzibar Plant.  With its striking foliage and easy-care nature, this is a great plant to propagate in water.

ZZ is a flowering plant native to North America. It is a perennial that typically grows to a height of 1-2 meters, but can reach up to 3 meters tall. The leaves are compound, with a basal pair of large, leathery leaflets, and a second pair of smaller, more delicate leaflets that are sometimes drooping. The flowers are small, white, and fragrant, and are borne in clusters at the tips of the branches. Zamioculcas zamiifolia is a popular ornamental plant, and is used in gardens and landscaping.

Propagate ZZ Plant and Ways of Transplant

There are several ways to propagate a ZZ plant; two of the most common methods include stem cutting propagation or rhizome division.

When propagating by ZZ plant cutting, it’s best to use a sterile scissor or knife and make sure the cut is made at least an inch below the leaf nodes of the mother plant.

One way to propagate Zamioculcas Zamiifolia is to grow the plants in containers. Alternatively, you can grow the plants in the ground.

Propagation of ZZ by division

Propagation by division is the fastest way of propagation of a zz plant. These plants have root balls also known as tubers or bulbs that just look like potatoes.  Each plant can be propagated by dividing the root ball in half. You just need to separate these root balls from the rest of the plant and plant them into new soil pots. Make sure to remove any damaged or dead roots before dividing the root ball. Make sure to replant the divided root ball into fresh soil.

ZZ Plants Propagated

Baby ZZ Plants Propagated by Leaf Cutting

The leaves can be cut from the stem at the base, and the cut leaves can be placed in soil to begin the propagation process. Propagation through leaves in a slow process and size of plant will also be small as compared to the full length plant and the plant will take time to grow to size when it will look like the normal zz plant.

Baby ZZ Plants Propagated by Leaf Cutting

Root ZZ Plant Stem Cutting in Water

The stem cutting should be done in early spring when the plant is actively growing. The stem cutting should be about 1-2 inches long. You just need to take a stem cutting and place it in clean water.  Wait for roots to develop. Until roots are not developed it will add to the decor of the area where you have placed it, especially if you place your stem cuttings in beautiful vases. When roots from the stem cutting have been developed, the plant should be transferred to a pot with good drainage. The stem cutting should be kept moist and in a low light.

Root ZZ Plant Stem Cutting in Water

Cutting Stems of ZZ Plants for propagation

To propagate zz plants also known as Zanzibar plants, first select the stem that is best for this purpose and secondly, cut the stem at the desired height. The mature stem is best for propagation and dark green stem color is the indication that stem is mature. Stem selected for propagation should be of size of 6-12 inches.

Cut the stem close to soil. Make sure to leave a few inches of stem attached to the plant so that new roots can grow. 

Always use sterilized scissors to cut the stem. After cutting the stem, place it on the dry and clean towel, in order to make the stem dry. Leave it on a towel for one day. When the stem will become completely dry and there is no chance left that the wound will not rot due to moisture, place the stem sections into a pot filled with fresh water.

Cutting and dying Stems of ZZ Plants for propagation

What happens to the Broken ZZ Plant stem?

When caring for a ZZ plant, it’s important to know what happens to the stems when they are cut off.  The stem of a ZZ plant is able to regenerate when it has been cut off, resulting in two or more smaller plants. It’s important to trim the stem near the soil line, which allows for natural growth and regrowth of the mother plant as well as potential propagation from cutting off parts of the stem. Area from where the stem has been trimmed or accidently broken, nubs will become hard and it is the area from where new shoots of zz plant will grow. So trimming intentionally is good for the plant because it will trigger the new shoots to grow. 

Care of ZZ cuttings to Grow them faster

Water propagation of ZZ plants is a delicate process that requires careful attention to prevent the cutting from becoming gummy and distorted. There are a few things that you can do to help take care of this process:

  1. Make sure the water is clean and free of debris.
  2. Use a propagation medium that is specifically designed for zz plants.
  3. Keep the cutting submerged in the water.
  4. Monitor the cutting regularly and adjust the water level as needed.
  5. Once the cutting has rooted, remove it from the water and place it in a soil mix.
  6. Try that your stem cutting should not touch the glass, because this will increase the     chances of the stem to rot. 

Water Level of Jar in which ZZ Plant propagate

The water level should be kept at a level of 2 inches. If the water level gets too high, the roots of the zz plant will not be able to get enough oxygen and the plant will die.

Where to place ZZ Jar: 

It is best to choose an area that has indirect sunlight, such as a windowsill or on top of a filing cabinet. Make sure that the jar is not exposed to direct sunlight, as this can cause too much heat and disturb the environment inside.

The ideal temperature for water propagation of this type of houseplant should be between 60-75 degrees Fahrenheit. This means you should avoid placing it near sources such as air conditioning units or radiators.

Time ZZ Plants take to grow roots in water

ZZ plants take around 7-10 days to grow roots in water propagation. Make sure to provide plenty of water and nutrients, and keep the soil moist.

Propagating ZZ Plant into Soil

ZZ rooting cutting can be transferred from water to soil by following these steps:

  1. Remove the cutting from the water and place it in a moist, shady area.
  2. Soak the cutting in water for 24 hours.
  3. Remove the cutting from the water and place it in a container of soil.
  4. Plant the cutting in the soil.
Pic of ZZ Plant in soil pot

Which Propagation Technique is Best

Before deciding on a propagation technique, consider the goals and objectives of the project. This will help narrow down the choices and make selecting the most suitable technique much easier.

The two main types of propagation techniques used with zz are seed-based and vegetative-based methods. Seed-based methods involve sowing seeds directly into soil or other mediums where they will germinate and grow into plants that can then be transplanted elsewhere in larger numbers. Vegetative based techniques involve taking cuttings from existing plants and propagating them through cloning or other means such as grafting or layering.

There is no one answer to this question as it depends on the specific propagation technique being used and the specific needs of the plant. Some common propagation techniques include division, rooting cuttings, and stem


In conclusion, propagating Zamioculcas Zamiifolia (ZZ Plant) in water is a relatively easy and straightforward process. With careful attention to detail and following the instructions listed in this guide, you can grow a beautiful and healthy ZZ Plant in no time. With its striking foliage and easy-care nature, this is a great plant to propagate in water and is sure to be a wonderful addition to any home as it is an air purifier.

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